|Paper – I|
History of English Literature; History of English Language, Shakespearean Drama.
|Paper – II :|
English Poetry from 1798 to 1922 : Prose Drama of late Nineteenth and early Twentieth Centuries; Prose Fiction of the Nineteenth Century; Practical criticism, Comment and Appreciation.
|Paper – I|
(a) Sanskrit linguistics; (b) Sanskrit grammar; (c) Translation from Vedic Texts into English; translation from Classical Sanskrit into English; translation from English into Sanskrit.
|Paper – II :|
(a) History of Vedic and Classical Sanskrit Literature; (b) Texts (meant for general acquaintance and not for minute study): (1) Kalidas’s Abhignanasakuntalam and Kumarsambhavam (Cantor I – VII); (2) Bhavabhuti’s Uttararamcharitam and Malatimadhavam; (3) Bharavi’s Kiratarjuniyam; (4) Banabhatta’s Kadambari (Purvardha).
|Paper – I|
(a) Pali linguistics; (b) Pali grammar; (c) Translation from Pali (Prose and Poetry) into English, Translation from English into Pali.
|Paper – II :|
History of Pali Literature (Canonical and Post-canonical) History of Buddhism, Texts (meant for general acquaintance and not for minute study): (1) Dighanikaya (P.T.S.), Vol. II (pp. 72-252), Vol. III (pp. 58-193), (2) Majjhima-Nikaya (P.T.S.) Suttas (Nos. 26-40 and 81-90), (3) Mahavagga (Oldenberg’s Edn.) pp. 1-100, (4) Milindapanha (Ed. By Trenckner), pp. 1-89, (5) Suttanipata- Uragavagga and Attakavagga, (6) Dhammapada-The Whole, (7) Therigatha (P.T.S.) – The whole.
|Paper – I|
(a) Arabic linguistics; (b) Arabic grammar; (c) Translation from Arabic into English; (d) Translation from English into Arabic; (e) Arabic rhetoric and prosody.
|Paper – II :|
(a) History of Arabic literature; (b) Texts (meant for general acquaintance and not for minute study) : (1) Diwan-Ibn-ul-Fariz; (2) Sab’a Mu’allaqa; (3) Sirat-Ibn-i-Hisham; (4) Muqaddama-Ibn-i-Khaldun.
|Paper – I|
(a) Persian linguistics (Persian and Indo-European family of languages; Aryan or Indo_Iranian branch, evolution of Persian language, Old Persian, Avestan language, Middle Persian or Pahlavi, Modern Persian, Iranian dialects, Persian influence on
|Paper – II :|
(a) History of Persian literature (Origin of Persian poetry, Early poets, Development of poetic forms-qasida, ghazal,masnavi,, etc. Growth of poetic themes or trendsepic, romantic, mystical, philosophical, ethical, etc. Survey of proseworks-historical, mystical, ethical, biographical, etc. Literary progress in different periods of Iranian history. Contributions of eminent poets and writers. Modern poetry, Modern prose, Indo-Persian literature); (b) Texts (meant for general acquaintance and not for minute study) : (1) Shahnama of Firdausi; (2) Chahar Maqala of Nizami Aruzi; (3) Qasaid-i-Khaqani; (4) Diwan-i-Hafiz; (5) Masnavi of Jalaluddin Rumi; (6) Naldaman of Fayzi.
|Paper – I|
Translation from French into English, Translation from English into French, French Grammar.
|Paper – II :|
History of French Literature, Texts, Texts (meant for general acquaintance and not for minute study) : (1) Prose-Ronsard : Deveres choisies (Classique Larosusse) – 2 volumes, Pierre Loti; La roman d’um enfant; (2) Poetry-Ronsard : Poesies choisies (Classique Larosusse)-2 volumes. Musset : Poesies nouvelles. Drama-Moliers : L’Avare,Corneilles : La Cid.
|Paper – I|
(a) Bengali Linguistics; (b) History of Bengali Literature; (c) Old Bengali Texts (Poetry and prose) up to Iswarchandra Gupta.
|Paper – II :|
Modern Bengali Poetry, Prose, Drama and Criticism.
|Paper – I|
(a) Hindi linguistics; (b) History of literature; Rhetoric and Prosody. Old Hindi Texts – Prose and Poetry. Text (meant for general acquaintance and not for minute study) : (1) Veer Kavya Sangrah (Chand, Narpati Nalha, Bhusan). Ed. By Udayanarayan Tripathi (2) Kabir Sangrah (Hindi Sahitya Sammelan); (3) Suffi Kavya-Sangrah. Edited by Pt. Parashuram Chaturvedi; (4) Ramcharitamanas-Tulsidas; (5) Bharmara-Geet-Saar-Surdas. Edited by Ramachandra Shukla, (6) Bihari- Satsai-Bihari; (7) Shabda-Rasayan-Deva. Edited by Dr. J.N. Singh Manoj; (8) Rasakhan aur Ghanananda (Nagri Prachar Sabha); (9) Astha Chhap. Edited by Dr. Dhirendra Varma.
|Paper – II :|
Modern Hindi Poetry, Prose, Drama and Criticism.
|Paper – I|
(a) Urdu linguistics; (b) History of Urdu Literature, Old Urdu Literature – Prose and Poetry. Texts (meant for general acquaintance and not for minute study) : (1) Diwani-I-Wali-100 Ghazals from the beginning; (2) Intikhab-e-Kalam-e-Mir by Dr. Abdul Haque; (3) Qasaid-I-Sauda : One qasaid only-beginning with the line “Hua Gab Kufr thabit hai wuh Tamha-Musalmani.”; (4) Muthnavi Schrul Bayan by Mir Hassan Dehlavi; (5) Fasan-I-Ajaib by Rajab Ali Beg Saroor; (6) Araish-I-Muhfil by Haider Baksh Haidri.
|Paper – II :|
Modern Urdu Poetry, Prose, Drama and Criticism.
|Paper – I|
(a) Theories of Literature : Dates terms and Concepts.
|Paper – II :|
Western Literature -
CANDIDATES ARE NOT PERMITTED TO TAKE MORE THAN ONE OF THE OPTIONAL SUBJECTS MENTIONED ABOVE
Paper – I
|Agricultural Chemistry and Soil Science.|
|Paper – II :||Agricultural Botany; agricultural Entomology and Plant Pathology.|
|ANIMAL HUSBANDRY AND VETERINARY SCIENCE|
|Paper – I||Animal Nutrition; Animal Physiology; Livestock Production and Management; Genetics and Animal Breeding.|
|Paper – II :||Health and Hygiene : Animal Diseases : Veterinary Public Health : Milk and Milk Products Technology : Meat Hygiene and Technology : Extension.|
|Paper – I||Meaning and scope of Anthropology; Relationship with other disciplines; Main branches of Anthropology, their scope and relevance : Social-cultural Anthropology, (b) Physical and biological anthropology, (c) Archaeological Anthropology; Human Evolution and emergence of Man; Phylogenetic status, characteristics and distribution of the following : (a) Prepleistocence fossil primates-Oreopithecus, (b) South and East African hominids-Plesianthropus/Australopithecus Africaus, Paranthropus, Australopithecus, (c) Paranthropus-Homo erectus javanicus, Homo erectus pekinensis, (d) Homo heidelbergensis, (e)Neanderthal man-La-chapelle-aus-saints (Classical type), Mt. Carmelites types (Progressive type), (f) Rhodesian man, (g) Homo sapiens-cromognon, Grimaldi, Chancelede; Cultural Evolution-broad outlines of pre-historic cultures : (a) Paleolithic, (b) Mesolithic, (c) Neolithic, (d) Chalcolithic, (e) Copper-Bronze age, (f) Iron age; Family; Concept of kinship; Marriage, Study of Culture and Civilization; Concent of Social Change and Cultural Change; Social structure and social organization, Role-analysis and social network, Institutions, Groups community. Social stratification : principles and form, status, class and power, gender. Nature and types of mobility; Definitions and functions of religion. Anthropological approaches to the study of religion-evolutionary, psychological and functional. Magic, witchcraft and sorcery; definitions and functions and functionaries; priest, saman, medicine man and sorcerers. Symbolism in religion and rituals, Ethnomedicine. Myths and rituals : definitions and approaches to their study – structural, functional and processual Relation with economic and political structures; Production, distribution and consumption, Economic anthropology. Exchange : gifts, barter, trade, ceremonial exchange and market economy, Political organizations-band, tribe, chiefdom, state, concept of power, authority and legitimacy. Social control, law and justice in tribal and peasant societies; Culture ecology and sustainable development. Displacement and rehabilitation; Methods of anthropological study : Basic techniques of data collection. Interview, participant and other forms of observation, schedules, questionnaire, case-study methods, life histories and secondary sources; Concept scope and major branches of human genetics; Concept of race in histrogical and biological perspective. Race and racism, biological basis of morphological variation of non-metric and metric characters. Racial criteria, racial traits in relation to heredity and environment; Ethnic groups of mankind-characteristics and distribution in world, racial classification of human groups; Concepts and methods of Ecological Anthropology; Dynamics of ethnicity at rural, tribal, urban and international levels. Ethnic conflicts and political developments. Concept of ethnic boundaries. Ethnicity and concept of nation state; Concept of human growth and development-stages of growth-prenatal, natal infant, childhood, adolescence, maturity, senescence. Factors affecting growth and development-genetic, environmental, biochemical, nutritional, cultural and socio-economic. Ageing and senescence. Theories and observations – biological and chronological longevity. Human physique and somatotypes. Methodologies for growth studies; Reproductive biology, demography and population study. Fertility patterns and differentials. Demographic theories – biological, social and cultural; Demographic methods – census, registration system, sample methods, dual reporting system. Population structures and population dynamics; Biological and socio-ecological factors influencing fecundity, fertility, natality and|
mortality; Biological consequences of population control and family welface; Application of statistical principles in Physical Anthropology.
|Paper – II :|
Evolution of the Indian Culture and Civilization-Pre-historic (Paleolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic), Protohistoric (Indus Civilization). Vedic and post-Vedic beginnings. Contributions of the tribal cultures.
Demographic profile of India-Ethnic and linguistic elements in the Indian population and their distribution. Indian population, factors influencing its structure and growth.
The basic structure and nature of traditional Indian social system-a critique. Varnashram, Purushartha, Karma, rina and Rebirth. Theories on the origin of caste system, Jajmani system. Structural basis of inequality in traditional Indian society. Impact of Buddhism, Jainism, Islam and Christianity on Indian society.
Aspects of Indian village-social organizations of agriculture, impact of market economy on Indian villages.
Linguistic and religious minorities-social, political and economic status.
Tribal situation in India- biogenetic variability, linguistic and socio-economic characteristics of the tribal populations and their distribution. Problems of the tribal communities. Developmental projects – tribal displacement and problems of
|Paper – I||Microbiology : Pathology : Cryptogams : Phanerogams : Morphogenesis.|
|Paper – II :||Cell Biology : Genetics and Evolutions : Physiology and Biochemistry : Ecology : Economic Botany|
|Paper – I|
Atomic structure : Quantum theory, Heisenberg’s uncertainty Principle wave-particle duality, Schrodinger wave equation. Shapes of s, p and d orbitals.
Gaseous State : Equation of state for real gases, Liquefaction of gases.
|Paper – II :|
Reaction Mechanism :
|Paper – I||Strength of Materials : Simple stress-strain, Elastic constants, shear force and bending moment. Theory of simple bending. Strain energy in direct stress, bending and shear. deflection of beams by different methods. Torsion of shafts & transmission of power, Principal stresses & strains in two dimensions, Mohr’s Circle, Theories of Elastic Failure.|
Structural Analysis : Castiglianio’s theorems I & II and their application to beams and pinjointed trusses; Slopedeflection & moment distribution applied to indeterminate beams and rigid frames. Rolling-loads and influence lines for shear force and bending moments in beams. Influence lines for simply supported plain pinjointed trusses. Analysis of three hinged, two hinged and fixed arches. Matrix method of analysis by force method and displacement method in indeterminate beams and rigid frames. Plastic Analysis of beams and frames : Statical and Mechanism method.
Design of Structural Steel : Rivetted-bolted and welded joints and connections. Design of tension and compression member, Beams of built up section, rivetted and welded plate girders, Stancheons with battens and lacings, Slab and gussetted column bases.
Design of Reinforced Concrete : Concrete mix design, Working Stress and Limit State method of design; design of slabs, stair-case slabs, beams of rectangular, T and L sections; Compression members under direct load with or without eccentricity, Isolated and combined footings; Cantilever and Counterfort type retaining walls; Water tanks : rectangular and circular.
Prestressed Concrete : Methods and systems of prestressing, anchorages, analysis and design of sections for flexure based on working stress, loss of prestress. Design of masonry wall and retaining wall.
Fluid Mechanics : Flow through closed conduits and open channels, pipe net-work, Hydraulic Jump. Centrifugal and Reciprocal Pumps : types and characteristics. Principles of Hydropower Development : type, layout and component works.
Geotechnical Engineering : Types of soil, classification and index properties. Effective stress and pore water pressure. Permeability and seepage. Compaction and consolidation, Shear strength and bearing capacity, Settlement. Footings : isolated and combined. Rafts. Pile foundation. Well foundation.
|Paper – II :||Engineering Materials : Physical properties of construction materials : stones, bricks. Mortars (sand-cement lime-surki), lime concrete and cement concrete. Properties of fresh and hardened concrete. Flooring Tiles. Timber : properties and uses, seasoning and preservation. Plastics, damp-proofing materials. Termite proofing, materials for low cost housing.|
Construction : Brick masonry : Bonds, jointing, plastering & pointing, types of floor and roof. Functional planning of buildings, Building estimates and specifications. Construction Equipment : Concreting equipments : mixer, vibrator, weigh batcher and batching plant. Earthwork equipments : power shovel hoc, bulldozer, dumper & rollers. Construction Planning & management : Job layout, bar charts, project control and supervision. Network analysis : CPM & PERT analysis, Float times, construction of network for cost optimization. Elements of Engineering Economics : benefit-cost, incremental analysis.
Survey and Transportation Engineering : Survey : common methods of distance and angle measurements, plane table survey, levelling, traverse survey, triangulation survey, corrections, and adjustments, contouring, topographical map. Surveying instruments for above purposes. Techeometry. Circular and transition curves. Highway Engineering : Principles of highway planning. Highway alignments, geometrical design : Cross section, camber, superelevation, horizontal and vertical curves. Classification of roads : low cost roads, flexible pavements, rigid pavements. Design of pavements and
their construction, evaluation of pavement failure and strengthening, Drainage of roads : Surface and sub-surface.
Hydrology, Water Resources and Engineering : Hydrology : Hydrograph, flood frequency analysis, flood estimation. Ground water flow : Specific yield, seepage coefficient, coefficient of permeability, confined and unconfined aquifers, tube
wells, ground water potential. Irrigation Engineering : Water requirements of crops : consumptive use, duty and delta, irrigation methods and their efficiencies. Canals : Most efficient section, lined canals, their design, regime theory, cost analysis of lined and unlined canals, drainage behind lining Water logging : Causes and control, drainage system design, salinity. Canal structures : Principles of design of canal falls, aqueducts. Diversion head work : Principles and design of weirs of permeable and impermeable foundation, Khosla’s theory, energy dissipation, stilling basin. Storage works : Types
of dams, design, Principles of design of rigid gravity and earth dams, stability analysis.
Environmental Engineering : Water Supply : Estimation of surface and subsurface water resources, predicting demand for water. Impurities of water and their significance, physical, chemical and bacteriological tests. Waterborne diseases. Standards for potable water. Intake of water. Water treatment-Principles of coagulation, flocculation and sedimentation. Slow; rapid and pressure filters. Chlorination and softening. Water storage and distribution; storage and balancing reservoirs : types, location and capacity. Distribution system : layout, hydraulics of pipe lines. Sewerage systems : Domestic and industrial wastes. Storm sewage-separate and combined systems. Flow through sewers. Design of sewers and sewer appurtenances. Plumbing in buildings. Sewage characterization : BOD, COD, solids, dissolved oxygen, nitrogen and TOC. Sewage treatment : Working principles of units : Septic chambers, sedimentation tanks, trickling filters, oxidation ponds, activated sludge process. Design of septic tank, disposal of sludge, recycling of waste water. Treatment of industrial waste. Solid waste : Collection and disposal in rural and urban contexts. Environmental pollution : Sustainable
development. Environmental impact assessment for river valley projects. Air pollution and pollution control measures.
|COMMERCE AND ACCOUNTANCY|
|Paper – I||(Accounting and Finance) : Financial Accounting : Cost Accounting : Taxation : Auditing : Business Finance and Financial Institutions.|
|Paper – II :||Organization Theory and Industrial Relations.|
|Paper – I||Algorithms and Problem solving : Number systems and Arithmetic : Theory of Counting : Graphs and Algorithms : Boolean|
Algebra : Models of Computer Machines : Numerical Algorithms : Operations Research : Circuit and Network Theory : Basic Electronics : Instruments : Digital Logic and Systems : Data Communication : Data Structure.
|Paper – II :||Operating System : System Analysis and Design : Object oriented Programming, Computer Architecture and Organization : Micro Processor : Computer Networks : Database Management : Assembler, Loader and Linker : Compiler : Graphics and Multimedia.|
|Paper – I||Micro-Economic Theory and Macro-Economic Theory (Market and Price Determination : Functions of Money : full employment and Say’s Law : Modern Monetary System : Public Finance : International Economics : Growth and Development Economics).|
|Paper – II :||Indian Economy (Evolution of Indian Economy till Independence : Indian Economics in Post-Independence Era.)|
|Paper – I||Electrical Engineering Materials : Electrical/electronic behaviour of materials : conductivity, free-electrons and bandtheory; intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductor, p-n junction; solar cells, super-conductivity. di-electric behaviour of materials; polarization phenomena; piezo-electric phenomena, magnetic materials : behaviour and application, Photonic materials : refractive index, absorption and emission of light, optical fibres, lasers and opto-electronic materials.|
Electrical Circuits and Network : Circuit components; network graphs; KCL, KVL; circuit analysis methods : nodal analysis / mesh analysis; basic network theorems and applications; transient analysis : RL, RC and RLC circuits; sinusoidal steady state analysis; resonant circuits and applications; coupled circuits and applications; balanced 3-phase circuits. Twoport networks, driving point and transfer functions; poles and zeros of network functions. Elements of networks synthesis.
Filter-theory : design and applications. Active filters. Circuit simulation : Input formats; methods of education foumulation; solution of equations; output formats; SPICE.
E.M. Theory : Maxewell’s equations, wave propagation in bounded media. Boundary conditions, reflection and refraction of plane waves. Transmission line : Distributed parameter circuits, travelling and standing waves, impedance matching, Smith
chart. Waveguides : parallel plane guide, TE, TM and TEM waves, rectangular and cylindrical wave guides, resonators. Planar transmission lines; stripline, microstrip-line.
Analog and Digital Electronics : Characteristics and equivalent circuits (large and small-signal) of Diode, BJT, JFET and MOSFET. Diode circuits : clipping, clamping, rectifier. Biasing and bias stability. FET amplifiers. Current mirror; Amplifiers : single and multi-stage, differential, operational, feed-back and power. Analysis of amplifiers; frequency-response of amplifiers. OPAMP circuits, Filters : sinusoidal oscillators : criterion for oscillation, single-transistor and OPAMP configurations. Function generators and wave-shaping circuits. Power supplies; Boolean algebra; minimization of Boolean functions; logic gates; digital IC families (DTL, TTL, ECL, MOS, CMOS). Combinational circuits : arithmetic circuits, code converters, multi plexers and decoders. Sequential circuits : latches and flip-flops, counters and shift-registers. Comparators, timers, multivibrators. Sample and hold circuits, ADCs and DACs. Semiconductor memories. Logic
implementation using MUXDMUX and programmable devices (ROM, PLA, FPGA). 8-bit micro-processor : memory interfacing, I/O,peripheral controllers, Multiprocessing Digital Computer architecture : overview, introduction to DOS, Advanced micro-processors.
Measurement and Instrumentation : Error analysis; measurement of current voltage, power energy, power-factor, resistance, inductance, capacitance and frequency; bridge measurement. Electronic measuring instruments : multimeter. CRO, digital voltmeter, frequency counter, Q-meter, spectrum-analyser, distortion-meter, Transducers : thermocouple, thermistor, RTD, LVDT, strain-guage, piezo-electric crystal. Use of transducers in measurements of non-electrical quantities. Data acquisition systems.
|Paper – II :||Control System : Elements of control systems; block-diagram representation; open-loop & closed-loop systems; principles and applications of feed-back. LTI systems : time-domain and transform-domain analysis. Stability : Routh Hurwitz criterion, roofloci, Nyquist’’s criterion, Bodeplots, Design of lead-lad compensators. Proportional, PL, PID controllers. Statevariable representation and analysis of control systems. Principles of discrete-control system.|
Electrical Machines & Energy Conversion : principles of electromechanical energy conversion : Torque and emf in rotating machines. DC machines : characteristics and performance analysis; starting and speed control of motors. Transformers; principles of operation and analysis; regulation, efficiency; 3-phase transformers; 3-phase induction
machines and synchronous machines : characteristics and performance analysis; speed control. Special machines : Stepper motors, brushless DC motors, permanent magnet motors, single-phase motors; FHP.
Industrial Electronics : Semiconductor power devices : diode, transistor, thyristor, triac, GTO and MOSFET – static characteristic and principles of operation; triggering circuits; phase control rectifiers; bridge converters : fully-controlled and half-controlled; principles of thyristor choppers and inverters; basic concepts of speed control of dc and ac motor drivers applications of variable-speed drives.
Power Systems and Protection : Steady-state performance of overhead transmission lines and cables; principles of active and reactive power transfer and distribution; per-unit quantities; bus admittance and impedance matrices; load flow; voltage control and power factor correction; economic operation; symmetrical components, analysis of symmetrical and unsymmetrical faults. Concept of system stability : swing curves and equal area criterion. Static VAR system. Basic concepts of HVDC transmission; FACTS. Introduction to energy control centers; SCADA and RTUs. Active power control :
Speed control of generators, tie-line control, frequency control. Economic dispatch. Principles of over current, differential and distance protection. Concept of solid-state relays. Circuit breakers. Computer aided protection, introduction; line bus, generator transformer protection; numeric lays and application of DSP to protection.
Non-conventional Energy Sources : Introduction to the energy problem; difficulties with conventional energy sources. Wind-Energy : Basics of Wind turbine aerodynamics; wind-energy conversion systems. Solar-Energy : Thermal conversion : photo-voltaic conversion. Wave-energy. Geothermal and Ocean thermal energy. Biomass. Importance of Energy Management : Energy audit; energy economics : discount rate, pay back period, internal rate of return, life cycle costing.
Analog and Digital Communication System : Statistical averages; probability models; random signals and noise : white noise, noise equivalent band-width; signal transmission with noise; signal to noise ratio. Linear CW modulation : Amplitude modulation : DSB DSB-SC and SSB. Modulators and Demodulators; phase and Frequency modulation : PM & FM signals; narrowband FM; generation and detection of FM and PM, Deemphasis, Preemphasis. CW modulation system : Superheterodyne receivers, AM receivers, communication receivers, FM receivers, phase locked loop, SSB receiver Signal to noise ratio calculation for AM and FM receivers.
Fibre Optic Communication : Optical properties of materials : Refractive Index absorption and emission of light, optical fibres, lasers and optoelectronic materials Fibre optic links.
Microwaves and Satellite Communication : Electromagnetic radiation, propagation of waves : ground waves, sky wave, space wave, tropospheric scatter propagation, Extra-terrestrial communications. Antenna : Various types, gain, resistance, bandwidth, beamwidth and polarization, effect of ground. Antenna coupling : high frequency antennas; microwave antennas; special purpose antennas. Microwave Services : Klystron, magnetron, TWT, gun diodes, Impact, Bipolar and FETs, microwave integrated circuits. Microwave measurements. Satellite Communication : General overview and technical characteristics, earth station equipment, CNR of Satellite system. Radars & Pulsed systems : CW Doppler radar, FMCW radar, phase array radars. Television Systems; Television systems and standards, Black and White and Colour-TV transmission and receiver systems.
|Paper – I||Physical Geography (Geomorphology : Climatology) Soils and Vegetation : Oceanography : Eco-system; Human and Economic Geography (Development of Geographical Thought : Human Geography : Settlements Geography : Political Geography : Economic Geography and International Relations).|
|Paper – II :||Regional Geography (A) Asia in general and India, Pakistan, China, Japan and South East Asia in particular. (B) Europe in general and France, Germany, Great Britain and Russia in paricular. (C) North America in general and Canada and U.S.A. in particular.|
|Paper – I||General Geology :Geo-Morphology : Structural Geology : Palaeontology : Stratigraphy.|
|Paper – II :||Crystallography : Optical Mineralogy : Mineralogy : Petrology : Economic Geology : Applied Geology.|
|Paper – I||History of India : Sources of History, Literature, Archaeology, etc. Harrappan Civilisation, origin, distribution, religious beliefs and practices, art and architecture, craft production and trade, script. Vedic society, economy, polity and religion. Jainism, Buddhism, ideological background, social structure. The Mauryan empire. The Guptas. The Post Gupta period – History of Bengal, Sasanka,the rise of the Palas, and Senas. Political History of the Sultanate, religion and culture, Sufism, Bhakti Movement, Nanak Kavir Nath Panthis, Sant tradition. Political History of the Mughals. Growth of regional polity, Rise of the Marathas, Mughal-Maratha conflict. Decline of the Mughal Empire and the Emergence of the Successor State with special reference to Bengal. Emergence of East India Company and Bengal Renaissance, cultural changes; Consolidation of|
the British power, framework of colonial governments, the different acts and statutes, the permanent settlement. Growth of Nationalism – ideas and movements upto 1947. Communalism and partition of India;; migration and rehabilitation of refugees, agrarian reforms, integration of princely states, framing of the Indian Constitution, Indian foreign policy, nonalignment of the Third World, social movements.
|Paper – II :||World History : Feudal Society in Europe, the Tenth Century crisis, the collapse of feudal order in Western Europe and the forms of survival in Eastern Europe. The age of discovery, science and technology, economic expansion of Europe in 16th century, Renaissance and Humanism. Formation of the early modern state, the making of absolutism and the problem of Church vs. the State-the Anglican compromise, the French religious wars and the political crisis. The 17th century economic expansion of Europe, civil war in England, settlement of 1688, beginning of liberalization, the ideas of John Locke. Crisis in France in 1780’s and the role of philosophers, the French Revolution, rise and fall of Napoleon Banaparte, Emergence of national states in Central Europe, Vienna Congress, unification of Italy and Germany, modernization of Russia,|
emancipation of the serfs and liberal reforms in Russia, industrialization in Europe, rise of the working class and the socialist thought. American war of Independence – Bill of Rights, Growth of Federalism – The Civil War – Market Economy. The German reich under Bismarck, European imperialism, the First World War – its origin and impact, the Russian Revolution and the Bolsheviks, Peace settlement in 1919 – the development of the power of the Soviet State – rise of Fascism in Italy – the Economic Depression – the Nazy power – the outbreak of the Second World War. Chinese Revolution of 1949.
|Paper – I||Constitutional Law of India :International Law : Jurisprudence.|
|Paper – II :||Law of Crimes and Torts : Law of Contracts and Mercantile Law : Indian Evidence Act.|
|Paper – I||Linear Algebra : Calculus : Geometry : Ordinary Differential Equations : Vector Analysis : Tensor Analysis : Statics : Dynamics : Hydrostatics : Special Theory of Relativity.|
|Paper – II :||Algebra : Real Analysis : Complex Analysis : Partial Differential Equations : Mechanics : Hydrodynamics : Numerical Analysis and Computer Programming : Probability and Statistics.|
|Paper – I||Organizational Behaviour and Management Concept : Economic Environment : Quantitative Methods.|
|Paper – II :||Marketing Management : Production and Material Management : Financial Management : Human Resource Management.|
|Paper – I||Theory of Machines : Kinematic and dynamic analysis of planar mechanisms. Cams, Gears and gear trains, Flywheels, Governors, Balancing of rotating masses. Balancing of single and multicylinder engines, Linear vibration analysis of mechanical systems (single degree and two degrees of freedom), Critical speeds and whirling of shafts, Belts and chain drives.|
Mechanics of Solids : Simple stress and strains, Plain stress problems, Mohr’s construction, linear elastic materials, Stress-strain relations, uniaxial loading, thermal stresses. Beams : Bending moment and shear force diagrams bending stresses and deflection of beams, shear stress distribution. Torsion of shafts, helical springs. Combined stresses, thick and thin walled pressure vessels. Struls and columns, Strain energy concepts and theories of failure.
Engineering Materials : Basic concepts on structure of solids, crystalline materials, Defects in crystalline materials, Alloys and binary phase diagrams, structure and properties of common engineering materials. Heat treatment of steels. Plastics,
Ceramics and composite materials, common applications of various materials.
Manufacturing Science : Marchant’s force analysis, Taylor’s tool life equation, machinability and machining economics, rigid, small and flexible automation, NC, CNC. Recent machining methods. EDM, ECM and ultrasonics. Application of lasers and plasmas, analysis of forming processes. Jigs, fixtures, tolls and gauges, Inspection of length, position profile and surface finish.
Manufacturing Management : Production Planning and Control, Forecasting-moving average, exponential smoothing. Operations scheduling, assembly line balancing. Product development. Breakeven analysis, capacity planning. PERT and CPM. Control Operations : Inventory control – ABC analysis EOQ model. Materials requirement planning. Job design, Job standards, work measurement, quality management-quality control. Operations Research : Linear programming-Graphical and Simplex methods.
Elements of Computation : Computer Organization, Flow charting. Features of common Computer Languages – FORTRAN and elementary programming.
|Paper – II :||Thermodynamics : Basic concept. Open and closed systems. Applications of Thermodynamic Laws. Gas equations, Availability, Irreversibility and Entropy.|
I.C. Engines, Fuels and Combustion : Spark ignition and compression ignition engines, four stroke engines and two stroke engines, mechanical, thermal and volumetric efficiency, heat balance. Combustion process in S.I. and C.I. engines, preignition detonation in S.I. engine, diesel knock in C.I. engine. Choice of engine fuels. Octane and Cetane ratings. Alternative fuels Carburration and Fuel injection. Engine emissions and control. Stoichometric air requirements and excess air factor, fuel gas analysis.
Heat Transfer, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning : One and two dimensional heat conduction. Heat transfer from extended surfaces, heat transfer by forced and free convection. Heat exchangers. Radiation laws, heat exchange between black and non black surfaces. Network Analysis. Heat pump refrigeration cycle and systems, condensers, evaporators. Properties and choice of refrigerant, Refrigeration Systems and components, psychometrics, comfort indices, cooling loading calculations.
Turbo-machines and Power Plants : Continuity, momentum and Energy Equations. Adiabatic and Isentropic flow, Fanno lines. Rayleigh lines. Theory of axial flow turbines and compressors, Flow through turbo-machine blade, cascades, centrifugal compressor. Dimensional analysis and modelling. Modern high pressure, high duty boilers, draft and dust removal equipment, Fuel and cooling water systems, heat balance, station and plant heat rates, Hydraulic turbines and centrifugal pumps.
|Paper – I||Human Anatomy : Human Physiology : Biochemistry : Pathology : Microbiology : Pharmacology : Forensic Medicine and Toxology.|
|Paper – II :||General Medicine : General Surgery : Obstetrics and Gynaecology including Family Planning : Preventive and Social Medicine.|
|Paper – I||History and Problems of Philosophy (European and Indian).|
|Paper – II :||Socio-Political Philosophy : Philosophy of Religion : Psychology and Ethics.|
|Paper – I||Biochemical and Biophysical Basis of Life Processes, Alimentation, Metabolism and Nutrition : respiration, Kidney and Secretion of Urine, Blood and its Circulation.|
|Paper – II :||Nerve Muscle Physiology : Nervous System : Sense Organs : Endocrine Organs : Reproduction : Skin : Regulation of Temperature.|
|Paper – I||Particle Dynamics : Centre of mass and laboratory coordinates. Conservation of linear and angular momentum. The rocket equation. Degrees of freedom. Generalized coordinates and moments. Lagrange’s equation and application to linear harmonic oscillator. Simple pendulam and central force problems.|
Special Relativity : Michelson-Morley experiment and its implications. Lorentz transformation – length contraction, time dilation, addition of velocities, aberration and Doppler effect, mass-energy relation, simple application to a decay process.
Waves : Simple harmonic motion, damped oscillation, forced oscillation and resonance, Beats, Stationary Waves in a string, pulses and wave packets. Phase and group velocities. Reflection and Refraction from Huygen’s principle.
Geometrical Optics : Laws of reflection and refraction from Fermat’s principle. Matrix method in paraxial optic-thin lens formula, nodal planes, system of two thin lenses. Chromatic and spherical aberrations.
Physical Optics : Interference, Diffraction, Polarization optical activity.
Fibre Optics : General principle. Classification of fibres. Advantages. Application.
Lasers : General principle. Salient features-directionality, intensity, monochromaticity, coherence. Einstein’s A and B coefficients; Ruby, He-Ne, Semiconductor, Quantum-well, Distributed-feedback edge emitting and vertical cavity surfaceemitting lasers.
Electrostatics : Laplace and Poisson equations in electro-statics and their application. Energy of a system of charges. Potential and field due to dipole, force and torque on a dipole in an external field. Dielectrics.
Magnetism : Magnetic shell, uniformly magnetized sphere, ferromagnetic materials, hysteresis.
Current Electricity : Kirchoff’s Laws and their application; Biot-Savart law, Ampere’s law, Faraday’s Law, Lenz’s Law, Self and mutual inductances, Mean and rms values in AC circuits, LRCR and LCR circuits-series and parallel resonance. Black body radiation, Planck’s Law, Stefan Boltzmann Law, Wien displacement Law, Rayleigh-Jeans Law, Planck mass, Plancklength, Planck time, Planck temperature and Planck energy.
Thermodynamics : Laws; reversible and irreversible processes; entropy; iso-thermal, adiabatic, isobaric and isochoric processes.
|Paper – II :||Vander Waal’s equation of state for real gas. Critical constants. Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution of molecular velocities. Equipartition and virial theorems. Specific heat of solids, Clausius-Clapeyron equation. Adiabatic demagnetiszation. Joule-Kelvin effect. Liquefaction of gases.|
Statistical Physics : Saha ionization formula, Bose-Einstein condensation, thermodynamic behaviour of an ideal Fermi gas, Chandrasekhar limit.
Quantum Mechanics : Wave particle duality, Schroedinger equation, Uncertainty principle, Solution of the one dimensional Schroedinger equation, Particle in a box.
Atomic Physics : Stern-Gerlach experiment, electron spin, fine structure of hydrogen atom, L-S coupling, J-J coupling, Zeeman effect, Frank-Condon principle.
Molecular Physics : Rotational, vibrational and electronics spectra of diatomic molecules, Raman effect, NMR, Fluorescence and Phosphorescence.
Nuclear Physics : Binding energy, Meason theory, Shell model, Nuclear reaction-fission-fusion, Nuclear reactors.
Solid State Physics : Energy band in solids, Metal, insulator, semiconductor, Elements of super conductivity.
Electronics : Properties of semiconductors; Junction diodes; Amplifiers and Oscillators; Integrated circuits, operational Amplifiers; field effect transistors, JFET, MOSFET; Thermistors, Solar cells, Principles of holography.
|Paper – I|
Group – A :
Group – B :
|Paper – II :|
Public Administration & International Relations.
|Paper – I||Scope and Methods of Psychology : Human Behaviour : Cognitive Process : Learning : Remembering : Thinking :|
Intelligence : Motivation : Personality : Language and Communication : Attitudes and Values : Recent Trends : Models of
|Paper – II :||Individual Differences : Psychological Disorders : Therapeutic Approaches : Application of psychology to Organizational|
Industrial Problems : Small Groups : Social Change : Psychology and the Learning Process : Disadvantaged Groups :
Problems of Social Integration : Psychology and Economic Development : Management of Information and Communication :
Problems of the Contemporary Society and of the Aged.
|Paper – I||Sociology; Social Stability; Social change; demographic; technological and cultural factors of social change; Theories of|
Social order and Social conflict; Role conflict, Conflict of interests, ideas and values; Ideologies; Dialectics of change.
Sociological thought; Comte, Spencer, Marx, Durkheim, Weber, pareto and their modern interpreters; Parsons and Merton.
Social System; Equilibrium, status, role, culture, personality and socialization, heredity and environment, social control,
conformity deviance, forms of interaction, social interaction and everyday life.
Types of human groups.
Power, authority, legitimacy, sociology of political life.
Religion in relation to solidarity and social conflict, magic, science and morality.
Economic : social aspects of production, distribution and consumption.
Science & Technology : Ethos of science; social responsibility of science; social control of science; social consequences of
science and technology; technology and social change.
Sociological theory and empirical research, methods of social enquiry, surveys, questionnaires and interviews, participant
and nonparticipant observation, experimentation in sociology, small group research.
|Paper – II :||Society and culture in India; unity and diversity; continuity and change.|
Approaches to the study of Indian society; Indological, Structural, functional, dialectic.
Major groupings : religion, language, caste tribe.
Major institutions : marriage, family, kinship patterns and changes affecting those; gender socialization; division of labour
and economic interdependence, decision-making, centres of power and political participation; religion and society.
Social inequality, nature and types; traditional concepts of hierarchy, caste and class; the Backward Classes; concepts of
equality and social justice in relation to traditional hierarchies; education, occupation and social mobility; changing patterns
Social change in modern India : Westernization and Sankritization; directed and undirected change; legislature and
executive measures; social reforms; social movements; urbanization; associations and pressure groups. Women and society
: Demographic profile of women; special problems-dowry, atrocities, discrimination; existing programmes for women and
their impact. Situational analysis of children; child welfare programmes.
Globalization and ecological crisis in India-Environmental movements in India.
Social problems in India : (1) Poverty in rural and urban areas, (2) Child labour, (3) Problem of youth, (4) Drug addiction,
(5) Juvenile delinquency, (6) Old age problem, (7) Population problem, (8) Mass illiteracy.
|Paper – I||Probability : Statistical Inference : Linear Inference and Multivariate Analysis : Sampling Theory and Design of Experiments.|
|Paper – II :||Industrial Statistics : Optimization Techniques : Quantitative Economics and Official Statistics : Demography and|
|Paper – I||Non-Chordata and Chordata : Ecology : Ethology : Biostatistics : Economic Zoology.|
|Paper – II :||Cell Biology : Genetics : Evolution and Systematic : Bio-Chemistry : Physiology : Embryology.|
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WBCS Main is the most important part of the WBCS ( Executive) etc. Examination. Candidates who qualifiy in WBCS Preliminary Examintion can appear in WBCS Main Examination. Qualifying candidates have to choose optional subjects very cautiously for WBCS Main Examination. Please click on the respective subjects for detailed syllabus for all optional subjects of the WBCS Main part of the WBCS ( Executive ) etc. Examination.